Raqs Media Collective includes Jeebesh Bagchi (b. 1965), Monica Narula (b. 1969) and Shuddhabrata Sengupta (b. 1968). They began working together in 1991. Raqs is a word in Persian, Arabic and Urdu that means the state that "whirling dervishes" enter into when the dance. Raqs Media Collective is a collective of media practitioners that work in new media and digital art, documentary filmmaking, photography, media theory, research and writing. Their work explores issues and histories of the sites and places they work. In addition to Documenta and the Venice Biennale, their work has been shown at the Walker Art Center in Minneapolis, the Palais des Beaux Arts in Brussels, the Liverpool Biennial, and the Guangzhou Triennial. Raqs Media Collective was awarded the Unesco-DigiArts award at ISEA 2004, and in 2006 was invited to co-curate the show "On Difference" in Kunstverein in Stuttgart, Germany. They live and work in New Delhi, India.